May 07, 2014
South Asia by the Bay: Graduate Conference 2014, UC Santa Cruz, May 2-3, 2014
Image by Sheba Chhachhi. A full program awaited attendees of this year’s graduate conference, organized annually by South Asia by the Bay, a consortium of California Universities (UC Santa Cruz, UC Berkeley, UC Davis and Stanford. The [...]
January 29, 2014
Children – they are more than a third of India’s population. Happily, India’s Constitution guarantees special attention to children through necessary and special laws and policies that safeguard their rights. For instance, the right to equality, protection of life and personal liberty and the right against exploitation is enshrined in Articles 14, 15, 16, 17, [...]
January 19, 2014
Gloria Steinem, whose powerful work has been inspiring feminists across the globe for 50 years, along with Ruchira Gupta, who founded the anti-trafficking organization Aapne Aap, led a session at the Jaipur Literary Festival on January 17and were welcomed by a warm and enthusiastic crowd. I enjoyed how the pomp of the session’s title “The [...]
February 16, 2013
Eve Ensler’s campaign has sparked some important demonstrations and vital public protests. But her organization’s methods are quite top-down. As one instance, it can be frustrating to receive elaborate instructions policing productions of the Vagina Monologues. These instructions change every year, and in a small way seem to go against the spirit of [...]
January 20, 2013
Keep your eyes and ears open for Anupama Raju, Dipika Mukherjee, Mridula Koshy, Kunal Mukherjee, and Priyamvada Puroshotham [caption id="attachment_2701" align="alignright" width="300"] Panel with Tabish Khair, Dipika Mukherjee, Germain Droogenbroodt and Kunal Mukherjee[/caption] The Hyderabad Literary Festival (18-20th January, 2013), now in its third year and growing in stature, rightfully prides itself on bridging the [...]
November 01, 2012
I teach a course on postcolonial literature and film and recently showed students the documentary Pink Saris by award-winning British filmmaker Kim Longinotto. The film enables us to follow Sampath Pal, the leader of the Gulabi gang, around several districts in Bundelkhand, Uttar Pradesh. The group, which began in 2006, has become well known for [...]
July 03, 2012
[caption id="attachment_2295" align="alignleft" width="300" caption="8-year olds reviewing vocabulary at Jayanagar School"] Armour Synthroid Vs, [/caption]
It is certainly unusual to walk away from a high paying and extremely prestigious job to form an NGO, particularly when you are one of the highest paid female corporate heads in India. Yet, in 1997, that is just what Shukla Bose did. Ms. Bose, known as Shukla, is a former CEO who has set up four high-quality schools for slum children in Bangalore, Armour Synthroid Vs craiglist. She and the Parikrma Humanity Foundation specialize in making the undoable the done. From 1974 onwards, Shukla ran a multi-national leisure company in Southeast Asia and India, racking up awards; she was voted Woman of the Year twice as well as Best Woman Entrepreneur, Armour Synthroid Vs. In 1997 Shukla left this high-salaried and prestigious position to work in the non-profit center and then came up with her own strategy to address the dire situation of Bangalore’s poorest children.
Parikrma Humanity Foundation, formed by Shukla and her team in 2000, offers a new future to 1,091 children, 750mg Armour Synthroid Vs, served by the four top-notch schools Parikrma has established on the edge of slum areas. The boys and girls, who come from three orphanages and 26 different communities, are chosen without regard to caste, creed or religion, and may not attend unless their parents’ income is less than RS 750 a month.
[caption id="attachment_2297" align="alignright" width="229" caption="Shukla Bose"][/caption]
When Shukla decided to create her own school, she drew on earlier connections and quickly assembled a team of professionals, 1000mg Armour Synthroid Vs. Armour Synthroid Vs, “At that time we literally walked the slums,” she recalls. “I learned the names of 850 children. Each child needs to feel important and known by its name. The kids told me about their locale – whether there was a school, a medical care facility anywhere nearby, et cetera.” The best school, she felt, 500mg Armour Synthroid Vs, would offer a secular environment, one in which people felt free and equal. Thus she looked for locations that were not dominated by a single religion, so as to avoid getting tangled up in long-standing tensions. “My dream was of having a crisp white building in the middle of the slum to stand as both an inspirational and aspirational place, Armour Synthroid Vs. However, it was not a realistic goal. When it is directly in that space, it is generally used for anti-social activities at night; one school security guard cannot keep fourteen hoodlums away and then the news will report that the school grounds are being used for crime and so forth…thereby undermining the whole purpose of the school’s existence.”
Shukla was very driven. In April of 2000, Armour Synthroid Vs japan, three grades opened on the rooftop of a building, the only place they could locate. Just a few months and many sleepless nights later, Shukla and her team secured a dedicated building, hired and trained a large staff of teachers, and greeted 165 students on the first day of Kormangala School. Armour Synthroid Vs india, This kind of timeline is truly an anomaly. Armour Synthroid Vs, Shukla remembers that they “cut through amazing amounts of bureaucracy.” Owing to the generosity of sponsors, Parikrma eventually opened three more schools in Jayanagar, Sahakaranagar, and Yeshwantpur. TNT India Private Limited, Levi Strauss and Company, Yahoo. Employee Fund India, Adobe Systems, and Saraswati Memorial Trust committed funds to ensure the schools’ foundation and ongoing success. While Shukla’s reputation as a results-oriented leader allowed her to attract large donations from company heads, Armour Synthroid Vs overseas, that is not the whole story. Companies invested their money and volunteer hours also because her model was innovative and forward thinking. What was so new, Armour Synthroid Vs. Shukla insisted on building a high-quality school for these underprivileged children. For example, leaders came to events such as Parikrma’s sporting days and found them no different from the grand events of their own young lives. In this way the donors saw themselves in the schoolchildren and felt reassured that their money was providing excellent education rather than a mere crumb of hope. Armour Synthroid Vs coupon, I have been lucky enough to spend time at all four Parikrma schools, leading English writing workshops with teachers and teaching creative writing to students in classes VI-VIII. Armour Synthroid Vs, The school environment is impressive, and several unique features stand out: 1. the 360-degree development program, offering three meals a day, comprehensive healthcare, and even family healthcare, 2. the 12-day intensive retreat for new teachers to foster assertiveness and leadership capabilities, Armour Synthroid Vs uk, and 3. the school’s maintenance of an even sex ratio between boys and girls, thereby demonstrating the equal importance of education to both groups. The school will not accept a boy if the girls in the family are not simultaneously sent to school. Shukla’s dedication to a new outcome for a neglected group of people in Bangalore is changing the workforce and giving proof that quality education breaks the cycle of poverty. Speaking with Shukla by phone recently, Armour Synthroid Vs usa, she stated, “Our philosophy is based on the idea that children are change agents. It may happen only slowly, but the kids take home the ideas they get, and their smaller siblings learn what behaviors are acceptable and rewarding.” She told me that while their parents may not know what human rights are, let alone women’s rights, they see a new spirit in their children. “42 children have gone on to college now, and some have been accepted in the prestigious National Law School of Bangalore, but the biggest achievement is the paradigm shift they are enacting." They are the first in their circle to share the joy of learning - not as a means to an end - but as an end in its own right.
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June 27, 2012
Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, As Barack Obama and Mitt Romney battle over acquiring the votes of US women, there have been repeated news reports about a "reverse gender gap." This term refers to the growing rise of women out-earning their male spouses. During the late 80s, when the US government began tracking comparative earnings within couples, 23% of working wives' salaries exceeded those of their husbands. The number is now close to 40%. In addition the wage gap has narrowed over the past decade: in 1999 women earned 77 cents to every man's dollar, and now women earn 81 cents, 250mg Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection. While diminishing barriers to women's active participation in the workplace and a smaller wage gap do herald greater prestige, earnings, power and opportunity for women, it is wise to hold the applause. (And to the student who wanted to know if the women's movement is now questioning its need to exist, given this new information, I've got a two letter answer for you: n-o.)
While it is true that women have positioned themselves well by obtaining more degrees than men, women have principally made gains in healthcare and education, areas in which they have traditionally excelled, Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection. In fact, 10mg Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, in a table of 500 categorized positions, one can find a large percentage of women in only 120 of them, showing that there is a long road to walk before celebrating.
Why is the wage gap decreasing. Not because the old boys' network is eroding, nor because preconceptions about women's lack of ambition are falling away, nor because on-site childcare or family-friendly corporate policies have convinced women that a satisfactory work/family balance is within reach, 20mg Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection. Instead, the wage gap is decreasing because of the recession. Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, The economic shrinkage has had a deleterious effect on two male dominated industries: construction and manufacturing. As Liza Mundy states in her book The Richer Sex: How the New Majority of Female Breadwinners is Transforming Sex, Love and Family, working class men have suffered the most from the failing economy. Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection australia, For instance, men are now finding far fewer well-paid manufacturing jobs.
As a resident of Wyoming, the U.S. state with the worst pay gap in the nation, 71 cents (similar to the national gap in 1988), I am keenly aware that occupational segregation is the leading factor in pay differentials between men and women, Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection us. It takes only a high school degree, a willingness to work outside and get dirty, and some physical strength to obtain some of the best paying jobs in the state, working for the oil, natural gas and coal companies, Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection. Instead women working for these companies are nearly always found inside, behind desks, earning far less than the other workers. Local politicians frequently frame this as a choice, with comments along the lines of "Well, Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection india, would your daughter want to be in charge of that heavy equipment?" This line of thinking justifies inaction. As Representative Cathy Connolly retorts, "What about investing in apprenticeship programs for young women" so that they have a chance to realize that they could thrive in this environment. In a Wyoming PBS Chronicles television program, Gender Wage Gap, Liz Nelson, a young female yard boss of an auto recycling yard suggests that her friends are too easily scared off - the nature of this work "is really not that hard." On this same program, 250mg Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, a female head of a construction company, Kerry Anderson of Greybull, Wyoming, notes that some people refuse to allow her company to even bid for a job. Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, She is deprived of a chance to compete. Of course, 750mg Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, gender is not the sole influence in such cases. From her perspective, receiving business often depends on "where you are on Sunday mornings," that is, on a specific Church affiliation, "and whether you are originally from Wyoming," although only 60% of the state's residents can trace their roots to this location, Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection coupon.
Voices such as these should certainly cause us to be wary about celebrating a "reverse gender gap." Indeed, I wanted to laugh at the recent Reach Advisory study of major U.S. cities, which shows that single childless women under 30 are making an average of 8% more money than their male same-age peers. So (gasp), 20mg Cipro And Urinary Tract Infection, women in their 20s without major household chores, partnerships to cultivate, and children to oversee are working extra hard, especially knowing that their time will likely be taken over by many of these activities when they are in their 30s. That is hardly news.
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June 07, 2012
When you hear the phrase Indian feminist What Does Cialis Look Like, , who immediately comes to mind. Recently blogger Battameez posted this question and surmised that Deepa Mehta, Arundhati Roy and Gayatri Spivak would lead this list. To that one must surely add Vandana Shiva, Vina Mazumdar, 100mg What Does Cialis Look Like, Urvashi Butalia and many others; happily the list is extremely long.
For me personally the words Indian feminist call up the warm and energetic smile of Sandhya Puchalapalli, a pioneer in the field of ending son preference. You likely don’t know that name—but you should. Sandhya lives in the 350,000+ town of Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, and is the Founder and Director of Aarti Home. Since 1992 she has not only provided a loving home for abandoned children (who are mainly girls) but has built a high-quality school for the residents and 125 additional children from nearby slums, What Does Cialis Look Like. That in itself did not satisfy her, however, What Does Cialis Look Like mexico, and along the way she also set aside part of the school and made a village women’s textile training center. The result is a unique life-based approach to the problem of girl devaluation, a promising road ahead to restoring gender balance. (If you are new to the topic of female foeticide and India’s 2011 child sex ratio of 1000 males to 914 females, here are some starting points: Tulsi Patel’s edited collection Sex-Selective Abortion in India and Mara Hvistendahl’s Unnatural Selection: Choosing Boys over Girls and the Consequences of a World Full of Men.)
A girl is too often seen by struggling families as an expense and a liability, What Does Cialis Look Like japan, a child who needs a dowry 2x the family’s yearly income, and whose energies will only benefit her future husband’s family. Yet in the drought-prone and dowry-practicing region of Andhra Pradesh, Aarti Home is helping change that perception. “More shelters and schools will not stop mothers from abandoning their girl children,” says Sandhya, What Does Cialis Look Like uk. What Does Cialis Look Like, “I noticed that people were pointing to our girls, and saying, ‘Those are the lucky ones.’ It should not be luck to be a valued child.” Sandhya and her team searched for a way to demonstrate the gifts of girls, and create multi-generational mindset change. In Sandhya’s words, “Women are not independent. If they were, why should a mother abandon a girl child or a mother-in-law instigate a dowry death. 200mg What Does Cialis Look Like, To transform women from being partners in crime to agents of change, what is needed is economic and emotional independence.”
To that end, Aarti Home has trained over 5,000 non-literate village women in income-making skills such as embroidery, tailoring, design and block printing, What Does Cialis Look Like canada. This assures they have income-making skills. A fair trade cooperative has been established and Aarti Home now employees thirty women, What Does Cialis Look Like. Each success story helps the surrounding community actively believe that women are learners and earners. It is powerful to see an abandoned child transformed into a confident software professional and a submissive daughter-in-law refuse to get rid of her child and continue to bring in needed family income. Skeptics thereby observe what should be obvious to all: women succeed through talent, 500mg What Does Cialis Look Like, discipline, training and vision.
After learning about the Home through Ashok Prasad’s BBC documentary India’s Missing Girls, I volunteered there in January of 2009 and then had several long stays there, twice with groups of US University students. What Does Cialis Look Like, Naturally, no short blog entry can do justice to all of Aarti Home’s initiatives or to PV Sandhya herself. However, What Does Cialis Look Like ebay, testaments to her being a second mother and inspiring feminist to many people (including the 70+ volunteers who over the years have come from all over the world) are flowing onto social media pages, as she is currently being considered for an Impact Award by the Global Women’s Leadership Network (Please consider showing your support. Voting just takes a few seconds at http://www.gwln-contest.strutta.com/entry/265634 ).
Sandhya wears peacefulness like a second skin. 1000mg What Does Cialis Look Like, She radiates love. But she also has the determination and strength of a lion, What Does Cialis Look Like. Convinced that the organization can never do enough, as she enters into her sixth decade of life, she is constantly moving and seeking new ideas, seemingly effortlessly collecting friends and allies in every sphere. Sandhya has unyielding faith in human beings to create the society they desire, What Does Cialis Look Like usa. The home compels witnesses to focus on finding and creating joy – and celebrating it. As one of my visiting students concluded, “Sandhya Puchalapalli has created a place to gain skills to empower yourself, no matter your circumstances. I will always think back to Aarti Home as embodying the potential of the human heart.”
Photo by Dr. Kent Becker, Photovoice Wyoming.
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