March 06, 2013
The Indian police are routinely criticized for giving into political pressure or falling prey to gender bias when registering cases involving violence against women. While we have all heard of cases involving both, what if there were some other factors that explain police apathy? First, there is no political interference when the [...]
February 04, 2013
In the years following the implementation of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, my work involved training the police and judiciary on the new law as part of a UNIFEM funded project on violence against women. The trainings were focused on the various provisions of the law and the role of [...]
February 04, 2013
By FLAVIA AGNES The Justice Verma Committee has managed to silence its worst critics by producing a comprehensive and far reaching report which strikes at the very root of patriarchy. From its very modest initial mandate of suggesting changes in the current rape laws and examining the sentencing policies, the report has gone much [...]
January 29, 2013
Dear Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai, Dear Chairperson of BEST, Dear Divisional Railway Manager Central Railway Mumbai, Dear Divisional Railway Manager Western Railway Mumbai, Dear Mayor of Mumbai, In the wake of the Delhi gangrape, we have seen a spirited and complex discussion on policing and the provision of justice. This conversation might make it look [...]
December 27, 2012
The Delhi bus rape survivor and I are about the same age and she studies in my hometown. Like many of you, I am clenching my jaw and my fists as I follow realtime coverage of the Delhi gang rape in a weird masochistic frenzy. There are sharp and insightful analyses of sexual violence, structural [...]
December 25, 2012
By G. Arunima The ongoing anti rape protests in Delhi has provoked many responses amongst most of us, and often these are inconsistent. I see no problem with that. The statement issued by the ‘Progressive Women’s Groups and Individuals’ reflects the concerns many of us have about treating this incident as exceptional, or about the [...]
October 01, 2012
In October, we kick off Violence Against Women (VAW) Awareness Month on the blogosphere. VAW Awareness Month began as a completely voluntary, yet cohesive online campaign in 2011, when a group of dedicated bloggers/volunteers decided to band together and raise awareness about this social anathema that isn’t going away in a hurry. [...]
June 18, 2012
Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, Dear fellow feminists,
I am part of a group called “Citizens’ Collective against Sexual Assault (CCSA)”. We are a group of individuals who came together in the wake of the most recent spate of rapes in the Delhi NCR region early this year. The Collective is ‘informed by a feminist politics that believes in every individual’s right to a life free of sexual harassment, irrespective of their sexuality, dress, gender or age’. Our objective was to demand justice for the survivors and put pressure on the police and administration to ensure that the city becomes safer for women. Also to attempt to challenge the widely-held belief and mentality that women are somewhere responsible for being raped or sexually assaulted. However, as we began working we kept hearing atleast one case of sexual assault a day, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. And the cases continue.., Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline us.
To publicise the issue we organised spontaneous but smaller protests at CP, Saket leading to a bigger protest on May 5 from Mandi House to Jantar Mantar. Our initial plan was to March from Mandi House to ITO to the Police Commissioners Office to submit a memo. But the irony was that to organise the large protest we needed police permission. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, The police ofcourse thought we as protesters would be threat and traffic nuisance and said “madam aap log apni baat Jantar Mantar mein baith kar discuss kijiye, aage piche mat jaaiye- hum aapke saath hain” (Madam please sit at Jantar Mantar and discuss between yourself, don’t move around much. We are there to support you”). After a long struggle with the Police and our failure to explain to them the reason for the protest was defied if we sat at Jantar Mantar and that our purpose was make public police inaction in the sexual assault and rape cases. Resolved to not change our route we took out the protest and were gladly surprised by 300 persons turning up! Energized by the support we received, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline craiglist, we have been informally meeting to strategise variously on how to take our efforts further and planning long term rather than single sporadic protests.
However, we have been unable to think and plan long term and the cases each day outdo our efforts. Herein, a couple of weeks back, Ashely Tellis wrote a post asking feminists to not be reactive and re-think strategies to combat sexual violence and that too continuously and not when ‘something terrible happens’, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. His piece reinforced our understanding that sexual violence cuts across gender and age and includes “Hijras, homosexuals, sex workers, women across caste and class”. He called feminists to build alliances and work collectively to contest sexual violence. I am reproducing his post below with his permission, 150mg Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. Alongwith this is an appeal to you as readers and as feminists to help strategise and give suggestions on how do we combat the increasing cases, help survivors, beat the mentality of police for blaming the victim, share inspirational incidents/stories etc.
The debate on the question of sexual violence continues to remain reactive and static and may require some serious re-thinking. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, Recently, a bunch of women’s groups held a rally in Delhi protesting against what a self-appointedly radical rag pointed out in a ‘sting’ operation: that most of Delhi’s police think women are asking to be raped and even enjoy it. A little earlier, a national feminist campaign on the question of sexual violence against women had a day-long workshop on the issue and came up again against the demand to broaden the idea of sexual violence to include subjects other than women. In the first instance, 30mg Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, the protest was reactive; in the second the thinking on the issue static.
In a city like Delhi, when the newspapers every day report several rapes and sexual assaults on women, men, children one really can’t afford to be reactive around building a culture of resistance to it. One needs a proactive and daily set of resistances and vigilances to counter this rampant and brutal culture of sexual hatred. Yet we seem to have protests only when something terrible happens, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. Even at such moments, hardly any people turn up (this rally had a few hundred, the last one with similar groups late last year after the rape of a Manipuri girl had barely fifty) and perhaps we need to –rethink organizational politics, 40mg Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. This rally was largely organised on facebook and despite several real-time real-place meetings, not many groups were invited to participate. For example, why were hijra groups not contacted. They are subjects who face the most violence at the hands of the police and customers on the streets of Delhi. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, Why were sex worker groups not invited or sex workers asked to join. After all, they also face systematic violence. 10mg Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, Where were the famous intersectional queer groups who are happy to seek feminist support for their court cases but do not turn up to support feminists and themselves in such a rally. After all, aren’t hijras and MSM their constituency and haven’t they been trying to convince the Supreme Court recently (and in their famous judgement) that these subjects are in grave danger. A disabled group was part of it but much more advocacy among women in the city, in the many Universities in the city, in schools is needed.
Why was the most appalling theatre group Asmita (who mistake shouting and screaming aggressively for theatre) part of the proceedings when half our energies were spent trying to correct their deeply sexist views in their mostly reprehensible plays Dastak, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. Who needs enemies with friends like Arvind Gaur. Weren’t there many women’s groups with plays of their own. Especially if the focus of the rally was on sexual violence against women, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline overseas. Which leads me to my next question: why was the focus only on women. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, The national campaign has focused only on sexual violence against women when we know that men are constantly abused by the army and paramilitary forces, especially in “disturbed areas.” Gopal Menon’s Naga Story speaks of Naga men in the Manipuri hills being sodomised by army officials, Basharat Peer has written about how Kashmiri men’s genitals are attacked and damaged first by the Army. Indeed, Kashmir became the bone of the contention at the meeting because Kashmiri Khawateen-e-Markaz activist Anjum Zamarud Hasan pointed out that most victims of sexual violence in Kashmir are men. No one really took up that question seriously just like the question of ‘India’ being a part of any effort which was the other point Hasan was making.
In both these instances, we need to re-think the question of sexual violence and our responses to it. As an out gay man, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline paypal, I face sexual harassment on the streets of Delhi everyday and many of my biraadari face much worse. Many young boys are sodomised and often killed on the edges of the city (and sometimes at its centre) and appear only as stories on the edges of some newspapers, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. Wouldn’t it be stronger and larger as a protest if we all came together. Hijras, homosexuals, sex workers, women across caste and class. These alliances may be hard to build but we have to work at them every day and work at mechanisms of taking sexual violence on upfront and only then will this rampant culture of violence abate. Why do we think that sexual violence only happens to women when there is so much evidence to the contrary. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, Why is our relationship to sexual violence always reactive. Something terrible happens, 50mg Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, we protest, protest subsides, something terrible happens again. We need constant and consistent intervention into the creation of cultures of the sexual. This will happen only when we create healthy contexts in which people can speak about sexuality and what constitutes it and sexual violence. Working in the University for years around an issue like sexual harassment, one realises how difficult this is. There are cultures of suspicion from women, of aggression among men, Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline australia, Gross violence in many cases is not even seen as violence. Sexual harassment is not taken seriously by the establishment at all and neither by the students.
It is crucial that we build subjects who understand what the sexual is and what violence is and that can only come from a constant engagement with these questions, across genders and sexualities. Without that sexual violence against women will remain only a reactive consolation-based politics among women. Pictures Of Teeth Stained By Tetracycline, Feminism must be led by women but the fight against sexual violence must work on building the necessary relationship that various other kinds of subjects must have with feminism. Some of us might be aware of the necessity (despite the impossibility) of this relationship, others might not be. But the fight against sexual violence has to be a collective fight for all of us. Sexual violence happens to all of us who are not middleclass, Hindu, heterosexual and mainstream men. And that is millions of us. Unless we fight it together, this culture of violence will not change.
Ashley Tellis is an academician and Gay rights activist. This post first appeared on IGITINK..
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June 04, 2012
Zithromax Doseage, On March 23, 2012, the Union Cabinet approved the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2010, by which ‘irretrievable breakdown of marriage’ was included as a ground for dissolving a marriage under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and the Special Marriage Act, 1954.
The proposal for including ‘irretrievable breakdown of marriage’ as a ground for divorce was first made almost three decades ago in the Seventy-first Report of the Law Commission of India. As per the Report, "..the Hindu marriage should be allowed to be dissolved if the husband and wife have lived apart for a period of say five to ten years and the marriage is irretrievably broken down due to incompatibility, clash of personality or similar other reasons, as is permissible under many systems of law of advanced countries."
Likewise, as per the current amendments, Zithromax Doseage uk, either party can present a petition for divorce under this new ground. Both parties however have to live apart for at least a period of three years before filing for divorce owing to irretrievable breakdown of marriage. According to the Cabinet note, a wife can oppose a husband’s plea for divorce under the new ground stating that the divorce would cause grave financial hardship. The husband however, cannot oppose a wife’s plea for divorce under this ground.
New Zealand was the first country to accept the concept of ‘irretrievable breakdown of marriage’ in 1920, Zithromax Doseage. Since then several countries have accepted it as a ground to seek divorce, 100mg Zithromax Doseage. In fact, in the United Kingdom, it is the only ground on which one can seek divorce.
In India however, ‘irretrievable breakdown of marriage’ had not been accepted as a ground for divorce under the Hindu law until now. Zithromax Doseage mexico, The current grounds include, among other things, adultery, conversion to another religion, unsoundness of mind, a virulent and incurable form of leprosy, venereal disease in a communicable form, 20mg Zithromax Doseage, renouncement of the world, and not having been heard of as being alive for a period of seven years. Zithromax Doseage, The provisions for seeking divorce for cruelty and desertion were introduced only in 1974.
As early as 1967 however, a full bench of the Delhi High Court in Ram Kali v. Gopal Dass, 500mg Zithromax Doseage, had said that, “ it would be unreasonable and inhumane, to compel the parties to keep up the façade of marriage even though the rift between them is complete and there are no prospects of their ever living together as husband and wife.”
The Seventy-first Report had observed that the Muslim, Christian, and Parsi personal laws allow for divorce procedures that are much simpler than under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. The restrictions contained in the Hindu Marriage Act have led many people to convert to another religion in order to seek divorce, Zithromax Doseage overseas. The introduction of this new ground will aid those seeking to get a divorce in a faster manner. This new ground will also reduce the compulsion to produce evidence of acrimony and bitterness in a marriage, which is necessary when divorce is sought under some of the existing grounds, Zithromax Doseage.
The mandatory “waiting period”, usually a minimum of six months, for couples initiating divorce proceedings through a mutual consent petition has been retained. The original draft of the bill had suggested doing away with this waiting period altogether but this was opposed by a Parliamentary standing committee. Zithromax Doseage craiglist, However, the Court may reduce the waiting period based on the facts and circumstances of the case.
While the new ground seems progressive, what will its impact be on women's lives. Zithromax Doseage, Divorce can still lead to financial ruin for women. Advocate Sunieta Ojha, who has practiced family law in the Delhi High Court said, “By all means go ahead and amend the law to make irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground of divorce, 150mg Zithromax Doseage, but before that please amend the law to remove the concept of ‘maintenance’ and bring about a law for equal distribution of matrimonial property. Then and only then will there be parting of spouses in a dignified manner and without exploitation by one in command of all financial resources to dump the other. Without a law to ensure ‘rights’ for women in the matrimonial property (not merely a provision of maintenance) I am afraid such a move will result in exploitation of women.”
Considering the pressure from women’s groups, the Cabinet has agreed to amend the Bill to include equal share of ‘residential property’ to be granted to the wife upon divorce. This would include property acquired before marriage.
Yet, many disagree with the introduction of the new ground, Zithromax Doseage. Zithromax Doseage japan, As per Advocate Vipul Dharmani, practicing in the Punjab and Haryana High Court: “The introduction of ‘irretrievable breakdown of marriage’ reduces the scope of mediation. In my experience more than half the matters are solved during the course of mediation. Therefore the efficacy of this new ground will have to monitored closely.” At the moment mediation plays a vital role in divorce matters.
Senior Advocate Geeta Luthra speaking on how the role of mediation will change with the advent of this new ground said, “The role of mediation will be reduced to some extent but will not obviate it. Eighty per cent of women seeking divorce would want maintenance and custody of the child(ren) and mediation will play a role in settling these issues.”
In keeping pace with the changing times, 200mg Zithromax Doseage, the policy of the law now, seems to be that a marriage on the brink of dissolution must be dissolved with minimum financial and emotional turmoil to the parties concerned. While this may be a necessary amendment, in order to secure women's rights and ensure that they are not rendered homeless upon divorce, a comprehensive law giving women right in the property of the husband should be enacted.
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